NEW YORK, US – SEPTEMBER 17: Elon Musk arrives at the Turkish House to meet with Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan ahead of the 78th session of the United Nations (UN) General Assembly in New York, United States on September 17, 2023. (Photo by Fatih Aktas/Anadolu Agency via Getty Images)
Anadolu Agency | Anadolu Agency | Getty Images
Erdogan on Sunday met with the Tesla and SpaceX CEO in New York while visiting the U.S. for the United Nations General Assembly. The two met at the Turkish House in Manhattan, a skyscraper located near the UN.
“Recalling that with the Turkish electric car Togg hitting the roads in Türkiye, Tesla entered the Turkish market, Erdogan called on Tesla to establish its seventh factory in Türkiye,” Turkish state news agency Anadolu reported, citing the country’s communications directorate.
NEW YORK, US – SEPTEMBER 17: Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan (R) meets with Elon Musk (L) ahead of the 78th session of the United Nations (UN) General Assembly at the Turkish House in New York, United States on September 17, 2023. (Photo by Murat Kula/Anadolu Agency via Getty Images)
Anadolu Agency | Anadolu Agency | Getty Images
Erdogan also offered collaboration opportunities with Musk’s aerospace company SpaceX and Turkey’s space program, and invited the billionaire inventor to Teknofest, Turkey’s largest aviation, aerospace and technology festival taking place between late September and the end of October this year.
Musk replied that a number of Turkish suppliers are already working with Tesla and that Turkey “is among the most important candidates” for his next factory, Anadolu wrote. CNBC has contacted the Turkish communications directorate for the full statement.
Aerial view of Tesla’s Shanghai Gigafactory on the outskirts of Shanghai, China in July 2021.
Vcg | Visual China Group | Getty Images
Tesla has six factories and is currently building a seventh in Mexico. In May, Musk said he would most likely select a destination for a new factory by year-end. He is reported to have already spoken with Indian government officials about opening a manufacturing facility for low-cost electric vehicles in India.
Tesla did not immediately respond to a CNBC request for comment. The company’s stock price is up 123% year to date.
Erdogan and Musk also reportedly discussed cooperation on artificial intelligence and Starlink, SpaceX’s satellite internet service. Musk reportedly expressed interest in obtaining the necessary licensing from Turkey’s government to operate Starlink in the country of 85 million.
Turkey has positioned itself as a major manufacturing hub at the crossroads of Europe and Asia in recent decades.
Between 2012 and 2022, manufacturing as a share of Turkey’s GDP grew to about 19%, and the country aims to increase that to 21% by the end of this year as part of its 2023 Industry and Technology Strategy, according to U.S. Department of Commerce. Its strategy also includes state support for entrepreneurs, strengthened intellectual property laws, and major investment in STEM education and technology startups.
The department reports that of Turkey’s manufacturing exports, 36% are medium-tech products and 3% are high-tech products. Turkey plans to increase the proportion of its medium-tech exported products to 44% and its high-tech products to 6% by the end of 2023.
Lithuania on July 6, 2022 exhibited a crowdfunded Turkish-made Bayraktar TB2 combat military drone that it plans to send to Ukraine to help the war-torn country fight Russia’s invasion.
Petras Malukas | AFP | Getty Images
Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan (C) meets with Elon Musk (4th L) ahead of the 78th session of the United Nations (UN) General Assembly at the Turkish House in New York, United States on September 17, 2023.
Murat Kula | Anadolu Agency | Getty Images
For the manufacturing sector as a whole, Turkey “is expected to invest between $1 to $1.5 billion, annually, to integrate industry 4.0 solutions (referring to the fourth industrial revolution and the digital transformation across manufacturing industries) into the manufacturing process,” according to the U.S. Commerce Department.
Turkey’s economy however has been on a downward spiral for the past several years as shrinking foreign currency reserves and a persistent refusal by Erdogan to raise interest rates amid rapid growth resulted in a severely weakened currency and sky-high inflation. The country’s central bank has in recent months made efforts to reverse course, gradually hiking interest rates, though the currency’s value has so far not improved.
Turkey’s currency, the lira, is down 30% against the dollar year to date, and has lost 78% of its value against the greenback in the last five years. Erdogan’s push for more foreign investment in the country — from conversations with CEOs like Musk to trade and investment deals with wealthy Gulf Arab states — appear to be part of an effort to resuscitate the country’s finances.